For a more clear understanding of the sections, the following definitions and terms are explained: 

Biological Resources: Plants, animals, micro-organisms, their components, genetic material and by-products, having actual or potential use or worth. Value-added products based on biological resources are not included.

Commercial Utilization: It means the end-use of a biological resource for commercial use such as Genes used for raising crops and eutherian mammals through genetic intervention. 

In cases where the utilization of biological resources is for the following purposes, then they are exempted from being categorized as commercial utilization under the provisions of this Act. Traditional practices in use in any dairy farming; Traditional practices in use in any animal husbandry; or Traditional practices in use in any beekeeping.

Research: this can be the method of study or systematic investigation that involves-Any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms and/or their derivatives. The purpose of the analysis as higher than explained is for creating or modifying product or processes for any use.

Bio-survey and Bio-utilization: The survey or collection for any purpose of This additionally includes characterization, inventorisation and bio-assay of biological resources and their elements.

Prior Approval: The approval of National Biodiversity Authority has to be applied for and obtained before commencement of access and obtainment of biological resources and/or knowledge associated with a default in obtaining prior approval shall be an offence, for penalty under the Act.

Section 3: The following persons/entities seeking access and/or obtainment of biological resources occurring in India, for commercial utilization, research or bio-survey and bio-utilization shall have to seek prior approval from the National Biodiversity Authority before such access and/or obtainment: Any company, society, trust, organization, association, establishment etc., registered or incorporated outside India; Any company, society, trust, organization, association, establishment etc., registered or incorporated in Bharat, having non-Indian participation in its share capital and/or management.

Section 4: Any person who seeks to transfer to any of the following persons the results of his/her/its/their research relating to biological resource occurring in, or obtained from India, has to apply and obtain prior approval of National Biodiversity Authority before such transfer –Any company, society, trust, organization, association, institution etc., registered or incorporated outside India having non-Indian participation in its share capital and/or management. The thought for transfer below this section could also be financial or otherwise. This section exempts publication of analysis papers, or dissemination of information in any seminar or workshop provided such publication conforms with Central Government tips created during this regard.

Section 5: If any analysis establishment in India is engaged in its establishment capability during cooperative scientific research with such institution in/of another country, regarding transfer or exchange of biological resources or associated info, it's exempted from applying for approval below this Act, provided the following conditions area unit satisfied: The cooperative scientific research conforms with the Central Government tips created during this regard; The approval of Central Government is obtained below the higher than declared guidelines; A copy of the approval, therefore, obtained from the Central Government together with all relevant details is submitted to the National Biodiversity Authority. This section includes Government sponsored establishments of India and such establishments in alternative countries, engaged in cooperative analysis. 

Section 6: Anyone who seeks to use for any material possession Right, anywhere, among or outside Bharat, for any invention supported any analysis or info on a biological resource obtained from Bharat should apply and acquire previous approval of National diversity Authority, before applying for such IPR.In cases wherever the IPR sought-after could be a patent, the approval from National diversity Authority could also be applied and obtained behind acceptance of the appliance for patent however prior were the IPR sought-after is regarding rights below any law for the cover of plant varieties in India, such application for IPR is exempted. In such cases, the authority granting the proper should endorse a duplicate of the relevant document granting the proper, to National Biodiversity Authority.

Section 7: Any Indian national or company, society, trust, organization, association, establishment etc., entirely in hand and managed by Indians, seeking to access and acquire biological resources for business utilization and/or bio-survey and bio-utilization for business utilization should offer the previous intimation to the relevant State diversity Board, from whose State the biological resources area unit sought-after to be accessed or obtained. Local people/communities practising autochthonous drugs as well as vaids and hakims, and growers and cultivators of biological diversity of the native space area unit exempted from this provision.

Section 40: Consistent to Central Government notifying any item as well as biological resources usually listed as commodities below this section, identical becomes exempted from the scope of the Act. Such exemption is out there only if the notified item is often traded as a commodity.

Therefore, Amid robust disagreement from the stakeholders on lack of clarity over certain provisions, the National Biodiversity Authority issued a draft notification proposing to incorporate 236 commonly listed commodities (NTCs) to its existing list of one hundred ninety species. it's underneath stood that NBA through AN skilled committee has written the notification on commonly listed commodities under 

Section 40 of the Biological Diversity Act (BDA) 2002.

Under Section 40 of the BDA 2002 (18 of 2003), the Central Government, in consultation with the NBA, planned a listing of 420 things of biological resources to be exempted from the NBT tax on condition that they're listed as commodities. It's understood that the aim behind this notification is to facilitate the trade of things as well as biological resources, that area unit commonly listed as commodities. It additionally proposes that if any of those things are to be used for the other purpose, the relevant provisions of the Act are going to be applied.

The notification states that it shall not apply to the wild relatives of cultivated species or the biological resources which the Government reserves the proper to exclude 'specific cultivars' and 'local varieties' of notified species from the list, as and once guaranteed. The draft mandates the sources of the notified biological resources to be declared by the mercantilism agency or the mercantilism agency before the competent authority, i.e., whether or not the origin of the resource is wild or cultivated needs to be declared.

It additionally states that the merchandise that is unit derived from the listed things and listed as a matter of common observation are to be treated as NTCs. In such cases, once needed the burden of substantiation that the aforesaid product falls among common observation, lies on the applier. It states that the choice of the NBA during this regard shall be final.