This policy was launched on 15 March 2017. This policy will provide free medicine, diagnostics, emergency or any other essential health care services in all the public hospitals to provide financial protection for those who cannot afford the expensive medical treatment. Our honourable Prime Minister, Mr Narendra Modi, states that" This policy will make a historic moment to create a healthy India where everyone will get quality health Care". This policy will be aimed at assuredly providing health care facilities; this policy will meet the current and upcoming challenges of technology, socio-economic scenarios. Healthcare Minister JP Nadda said that this policy would provide a larger package of assured primary health Care with the help of health and wellness centres. This will include non-communicable diseases (NCD's), palliative care; mental health etc. This policy has also raised the GDP by 2.5 % in a time-bound manner. According to the Health Minister, the growth and the GDP will be met by 2025.
The national health policy 2017 adopted a detailed formulation concerning stakeholder consultation. The Government of India drafted national policy in the public domain on 30 December 2014. After much consultation with the state government and stakeholders and based on the suggestion, it received the support of the Central Council for Health and Families Welfare on 27 February 2016. The policy aims at attending the highest possible level of health for all at all ages to prevent and promote health care. The objective of the national health policy 2017 is to strengthen the trust of the public in the health care system through effective, efficient, adorable packages of services and products which will meet the healthcare needs of people.
OBJECTIVES OF THE POLICY
The main objective of national health policy is to increase birth survival change and life expectancy, to ensure good quality of life, to strengthen health promotion, create awareness among people for their health. The specific objectives of national health policy are to ensure that population get social and economic security, to ensure health promotion and prevention of disease, to maintain young generation health, improve the health of the older people, control on non-communicable diseases, to create a safe and healthy environment for all, to provide good nutrition, today block a society which is free from alcohol tobacco or drugs, improve mental health conditions, to achieve a standard of good health.
TARGETS OF THE POLICY
Targets of the national health policy 2017 are to increase the expenditure on health of government to 2.5% of GDP by 2025, to increase the life expectancy rate at the time of birth from 67 to 70 till 2025, to reduce total fertility rate to 22.1 by 2025, to reduce infant mortality rate, to reduce the prevalence of blindness, to increase public facilities by 50%, to see more than 90% of the newborn are fully immunized, to increase the state share on health, to decrease health expenditure by 25%, to reduce current tobacco use by 30%.
BENEFITS OF THIS POLICY
The benefits of this policy will be especially to the poor people as it will provide free medicine, diagnostics, emergency or other essential health care services which cannot afford expensive medical facilities. It will also provide social and economic security and improve the health of the older people it will also improve the mental health condition and achieve good standards of health this will also increase the life expectancy rate it will also help in creating awareness among the people for their health
DEFICIENCIES OF THIS POLICY
The national health policy 2017 did not adopt the change which was proposed in the policy of 2015. The national health policy 2017 also did not reiterate the health spending targets the national health policy feel to make health justifiable right
Government has taken many steps in the last few years to improve the health sector in India. The main focus of national health policy was to increase the health care services in our country. The government wanted to improve the skill of doctors, medicines and trust of the people in healthcare. The government expenditure on public healthcare is increasing day by day, but the problem of health care services still exists in many states and is an issue of major concern. To overcome this, the government should set a deadline for public institutions for providing free medicine and diagnosis to all on a primary basis.