Justice M. Patanjali Sastri

He obtained his B.A. degree from Madras University in 1910 and proceeded to study law in the same university in 1912. He started his practice in Madras High Court in 1914 and rose to fame for his expertise in tax law. This led to his appointment as the standing counsel of the Commissioner of Income Tax in 1922.

He was elevated to the position of a Madras High Court judge in 1939. During this time, he preside dover complex cases that followed after the passing of the Madras Agriculturists Debt Relief Act.

On December 6, 1947, he was made the federal court's judge and eventually succeeded to the bench as the Chief Justice of India after the untimely death of J. Kania in 1951. During this time, he authored 75 judgments and secured 47 citations in subsequent cases. One of his prominent cases was the State of Madras v. V.G. Row; where inhe opined the importance of Judicial Review. He retired in 1954 after attaining the age of 65 years. After retirement as the Chief Justice of India, he headed the Airlines Compensation Commission, which supervised India's nationalization.

Apart from his legal career,he served in various other capacities like the pro-chancellor of Delhi University in 1953 until 1956. He was also a member of the Board of Directors of the Press Trust of India and worked in the Madras Legislative Council from 1958 to 1962. He was a chair to the Central Sanskrit Board and the Kendriya Sanskrit VidyaPith at Tirupati, from 1959 until his death. At the time of his death in 1963, he was an eminent Sanskrit scholar and active member of the executive council of Benaras Hindu University.