Enforcement Directorate

The origin of this Directorate returns to first May, 1956, when a 'Requirement Unit' was formed, in Department of Economic Affairs, for taking care of Exchange Control Laws infringement under Foreign Exchange Regulation Act, 1947 (FERA '47); this Unit was heading by a Legal Service Officer, as Director of Enforcement, helped by an Officer drawn on nomination from RBI, other than 03 Inspectors of Special Police Establishment; other than Delhi.The headquarters of Enforcement Directorate is in New Delhi. There are five Regional workplaces at Mumbai, Chennai, Chandigarh, Kolkata and Delhi headed by Special Directors of Enforcement. 

To begin with, there were 02 branches – at Bombay and Calcutta. In the year 1957, this Unit was renamed as 'Requirement Directorate', and another branch was opened at Madras. The managerial control of the Directorate was moved from Department of Economic Affairs to Department of Revenue in 1960. 


The prime target of the Enforcement Directorate is the implementation of two key Acts of the Government of India to be specific, the Foreign Exchange Management Act 1999 (FEMA) and the Prevention of Money Laundering Act 2002 (PMLA).

Special courts

For the trial of an offense culpable under section 4 of PMLA, the Central Government (in interview with the Chief Justice of the High Court), assigns at least one Sessions Court as Special Court(s). The court is additionally called "PMLA Court". Any intrigue against any request passed by PMLA court can legitimately be documented in the High Court for that purview.