“The person who consents cannot complain.”
It is a Latin maxim, which means that the person who voluntarily gives consent for any harm to suffer would not be liable to claim any damages for the same. This consent could be used as a good defence against the plaintiff. Hence, the person who himself waived or abandoned his right voluntarily, cannot have any claim over it.
If a person, who went in a cricket stadium to watch a match, gets accidentally hurt by the ball. He cannot claim any damages from the authorities as buying the ticket gives his consent for any harm if suffered.
"Of the same kind."
The rule is used to interpret where a law lists specific classes, and then refers it to general application which pertains to the same kind of persons or things.
The literal meaning of the maxim is "Agreements must be kept".
The literal meaning of the maxim is "Agreements must be kept". It is the principle used in the International Law, which means "all the signatories should uphold international treaties". The rule is based upon the principle of "Good Faith". The Good faith indicates that a party cannot invoke the provisions of the domestic law as justification for a failure to perform. The only limit to the maxim is peremptory norms of general international law known as “jus cogens” which denotes the meaning “Compelling law”.