Vigilantibus et non dormientibus jura subveniunt

Literal Translation

Law will help only those who are vigilant.


The legal maxim is of latin origin meaning law helps those who are vigilant with their rights and not the one who sleeps. It means that those who are careless with their rights cannot be assisted by law. For one to claim to take advantage of his/her right they need to be watchful of those rights too. One person who decides to maintain his/her silence during the statutory period, after the statutory period they cannot claim enforcement of the rights.


If X was being subjected to cruelty on the grounds of dowry by husband and family, she cannot claim remedy after the passage of 7 years of her marriage.

Case Law

Riajendra Singh v. Santa Singh, (1973) 2 SCC705

The apex court held that, applying the maxim “vigilantibus etnon dormientibus jura subveniunt” means the laws come for the rescue of those who are vigilant but not sleepy.


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