Law will help only those who are vigilant.
The legal maxim is of latin origin meaning law helps those who are vigilant with their rights and not the one who sleeps. It means that those who are careless with their rights cannot be assisted by law. For one to claim to take advantage of his/her right they need to be watchful of those rights too. One person who decides to maintain his/her silence during the statutory period, after the statutory period they cannot claim enforcement of the rights.
If X was being subjected to cruelty on the grounds of dowry by husband and family, she cannot claim remedy after the passage of 7 years of her marriage.
Riajendra Singh v. Santa Singh, (1973) 2 SCC705
The apex court held that, applying the maxim “vigilantibus etnon dormientibus jura subveniunt” means the laws come for the rescue of those who are vigilant but not sleepy.
“The person who consents cannot complain.”
It is a Latin maxim, which means that the person who voluntarily gives consent for any harm to suffer would not be liable to claim any damages for the same. This consent could be used as a good defence against the plaintiff. Hence, the person who himself waived or abandoned his right voluntarily, cannot have any claim over it.
The judges do not answer to a question of fact
These legal maxims means that, ‘The judges do not answer to a question of fact; the jury do not answer to a question of Law’. In simple words, the question of law is for the judge to decide whereas question of fact are for the jury to decide. Question of law are the questions that are decided by taking the help of law. Question of fact are the questions that are decided on the basis of evidence given by both the parties in proof or disproof of a fact.
outward acts show the internal secrets.
This Latin maxim means that the outward acts show the internal secrets. In simpler words it means that the outward acts indicate the thoughts, which are hidden within. The law, in some cases, judges a man’s previous intentions by his subsequent acts. On this principle, if a man abuse and authority given to him by the law, he becomes a trespasser ab initio.