The meaning is ‘he who acts through another, acts himself”.
The meaning is ‘he who acts through another, acts himself”. It is the fundamental legal maxim of “Law of Agency”. It is the authorized act of an agent and is equated to the principal's actions. It often describes the liability of an employer for the act of employee in terms of vicarious liability.
"A", the master ordered "D", the servant to complete the unfinished work, but "D" failed to do so. "A" is ultimately held liable as though he failed to do so.
1. Deo Narain RaiAnr. Vs. Kulkar Bind and Ors., (1902) ILR 24 All 319.
2. Ballavdas Agarwala Vs. Shri.J.C. Chakravarty 1960 AIR 576.
Suppression of truth.
The legal maxim is of latin origin meaning suppression of truth is an offence. It means knowingly suppressing the truth, when it should have been disclosed in the first place, rightfully makes the contract invalid. Concealment of truth vitiates a contract. Parties are required to present everything with fairness to maintain a fair deal. Concealment of facts intentionally leads to false beliefs. Suppressio Veri is a ground to rescind an agreement or to avoid carrying it to execution.
Not before a judge.
This legal maxim is of latin origin meaning a legal proceeding outside the authority of the judge, that is, without a judge, with no proper presence, or without any legal jurisdiction. Any order or sentence passed by a court or tribunal, which does not possess the authority to try an accused of that particular offence, shall be in violation of the law of the land, not enforceable, and it would be termed as Coram non judice.
Execution of the law does no injury.
- In simple terms, this maxim simply means that when the final judgment is pronounced by the court and by doing the execution of such decree if any person suffered loss due to the punishment than he/she cannot claim damages to the court. - Any harm or damages bear by alleged party cannot be considered as the injury, Why, because no damages can be recuperate from Executio legis non habet injuriam. - Thus, the one who has been punished and suffered any loss due to such punishment than the law does not provide the benefit of such injury to wrongdoer.