The meaning is ‘he who acts through another, acts himself”.
The meaning is ‘he who acts through another, acts himself”. It is the fundamental legal maxim of “Law of Agency”. It is the authorized act of an agent and is equated to the principal's actions. It often describes the liability of an employer for the act of employee in terms of vicarious liability.
"A", the master ordered "D", the servant to complete the unfinished work, but "D" failed to do so. "A" is ultimately held liable as though he failed to do so.
1. Deo Narain RaiAnr. Vs. Kulkar Bind and Ors., (1902) ILR 24 All 319.
2. Ballavdas Agarwala Vs. Shri.J.C. Chakravarty 1960 AIR 576.
A promise not having any consideration, and hence not enforceable by the law. In Latin it means “naked promise” as it is not covered adequately by the aspect of consideration.
“A delegated authority cannot again be delegated.”
A person to whom some power is delegated cannot sub-delegate that power to someone else.