The meaning is ‘he who acts through another, acts himself”.
The meaning is ‘he who acts through another, acts himself”. It is the fundamental legal maxim of “Law of Agency”. It is the authorized act of an agent and is equated to the principal's actions. It often describes the liability of an employer for the act of employee in terms of vicarious liability.
"A", the master ordered "D", the servant to complete the unfinished work, but "D" failed to do so. "A" is ultimately held liable as though he failed to do so.
1. Deo Narain RaiAnr. Vs. Kulkar Bind and Ors., (1902) ILR 24 All 319.
2. Ballavdas Agarwala Vs. Shri.J.C. Chakravarty 1960 AIR 576.
No injury is done to a willing person.
The legal maxim is of latin origin meaning those who voluntarily agree to danger cannot ask remedy for the same. In literal meaning the maxim means that when a person agrees to danger then he cannot file a complaint for any damages suffered by him during the process. Here, it is necessary the consent was taken freely and voluntarily by the person and was not obtained by illegal means, and that the person was aware of what he might be subjecting himself to.
A false description does not vitiate
- In simple sense, the maxim means, some inaccurate description or some grammatical mistakes or basic miscalculation will not make the whole gadget or document as a void. - Normally, if a document contains 2 side from which if one side is absolute and correct and another side have some basic inaccuracy than 2nd side shall be rejected instead of considering whole document void also note on that the instrument does not involve any malaise effect. - Thus, if one segment is true and another is not and if the true part decides the subject matter with all possibility than the false segment will be disregard.
Something for something.
The legal maxim is of latin origin meaning “what for what” or “something for something”. It is the exchange of things of similar value. a valid and binding mutual consideration agreed upon by two parties in a contractual agreement commonly used as giving of one valuable thing for another. For the formation of a valid contract between two parties, who are not merchants, quid pro quo is an essential element. The presence of a quid pro quo acts as a surety which indicates the sincerity of both the parties in fulfilling the contract.