On the same object.
The legal maxim is of latin origin meaning “of the same matter”. This maxim can be roughly understood as a reference used to indicate “same subject” or “similar context”. It is a term applicable on general laws, orders, or statutes enacted during different timelines but pertaining to the same matter or object. Since statutes or general laws in pari materia exist with a common purpose or comparable items or events that have to be studied in each other’s light.
The laws of the hypothetical nation in the moot problem were “pari materia” to the Indian laws.
KusumIngots & Alloys Ltd. v. Union of India & Anr. (2003)
Here, the hon'ble Supreme Court held that interpretation of statute in pari materia provisions by Supreme Court shall apply to identical statutes.
A Defendant's Mental State
This maxim refers to the state of mind of the defendant who is proved to be having ulterior motives when having committed a crime. Mens réa is defined in a statute which establishes the crime or sets a precedent from time to time. The teaching of Mens rea was applied in India by courts, now that mens rea is the most important component of an offence, as firmly settled by law. In addition, the offenses resulting from the Prevention of Food Adulteration Act, Drug Acts and Weights and Measurements Act are prohibited without any evidence of guilt and the criminal shall not be liable for the offense without the proof of any guilty knowledge or intention, as it also decided by the Hon’ble Supreme Court in the case of Sarjoo Prasad v/s State of U.P
Ignorance of law is no excuse.
It is a Latin maxim, which means ignorance of fact can be excused but the ignorance of law cannot be excused. Every person should know the laws of the country where he lives. He cannot plead ignorance of it. Even the foreigner has to abide with the laws of the land as long as he happens to be in that country. This maxim is often used in Criminal Law.
A complete statement requires no interpreter
It is a Latin maxim, which means that an absolute judgment or sentence needs no expositor. In simpler words, plain language does not need an interpreter. The sentence that is plain and absolute does not need an expositor. The term expositor means a person or a thing, which explains about complicated theory or idea.