The literal meaning of the maxim is "Agreements must be kept".
The literal meaning of the maxim is "Agreements must be kept". It is the principle used in the International Law, which means "all the signatories should uphold international treaties". The rule is based upon the principle of "Good Faith". The Good faith indicates that a party cannot invoke the provisions of the domestic law as justification for a failure to perform. The only limit to the maxim is peremptory norms of general international law known as “jus cogens” which denotes the meaning “Compelling law”.
"A" and "B" are the two nations signing treaties which lack the principle "pacta sund servanda". It will be ultimately unbinding, and it cannot be enforceable. Since treaties are should be executed with Good Faith. Therefore, the treaty will be void.
· Eureko B.V V. Poland (2005)
· CMS Gas Transmission Company V. Republic of Argentina (2005)
A delegate cannot further delegate.
This Latin maxim means that a person to whom a power is delegated cannot further delegate that power. That person cannot sub-delegate that power to someone else. No sub-delegation can be done in a contract of principle-agent without the knowledge and consent of the principle. This principle is often used in administrative or constitutional law.
Happy is who was able to know the cause of things
- Generally, it means if any person having a knowledge about particular field and if any complication arise in any familiar field, then he may not become much distress about such problem because he have knowledge of such things about how to handle the difficulties - Therefore a person who have the knowledge as well as know the cause then he is happy.
outward acts show the internal secrets.
This Latin maxim means that the outward acts show the internal secrets. In simpler words it means that the outward acts indicate the thoughts, which are hidden within. The law, in some cases, judges a man’s previous intentions by his subsequent acts. On this principle, if a man abuse and authority given to him by the law, he becomes a trespasser ab initio.