Law does not compel the doing of impossibilities.
This legal maxim is of the latin origin meaning the law does not compel you to do anything vain or impossible. It is a very old maxim that was discussed by Justice Owen in Hughey v. JMS Development, meaning laws do not compel a man to do something he cannot possibly perform. Here, the word “lex” literally means a system of law, “non” means does not, “cogit” means to compel, “ad” means to, and “impossibilia” means impossible.
The court cannot possibly ask a man to get the moon for his wife because he promised it. This act is impossible and hence, “Lex non cogit ad impossibilia”.
State of Rajasthan v.Shamsher Singh (1985 AIR 1082)
The court discussed the maxim “lex non cogit adimpossibilia” or the doctrine of impossibility and held that however mandatory the provision may be, where it is impossible of compliance that would be a sufficient excuse for non-compliance, particularly when it is a question of the time factor.
Against the morals or customs
This legal maxim is of latin origin meaning against morals, or customs, or good way of life. All contracts are considered illegal if they are contra bonos mores. These can be reduced to several classes: (1}Incentive to crime, which is a claim that cannot be sustained, therefore, on a bond for compounding a crime or for procuring a pardon. (2}Indecent consideration, or mischievous consideration, is an obligation or engagement which is either prejudicial to the feelings of a third party, or offensive to decency or morality, is void.
Spoken before Lawsuit is brought
• Not merely before the commencement of legal proceedings, but before even the existence of any actual controversy, concerning the subject matter of the declarations. • Brought before suit, before controversy moved. • At the time when declarant had no motive to distort the truth. Brought before suit, before controversy instituted. Also, before the controversy arose.
Something for something.
The legal maxim is of latin origin meaning “what for what” or “something for something”. It is the exchange of things of similar value. a valid and binding mutual consideration agreed upon by two parties in a contractual agreement commonly used as giving of one valuable thing for another. For the formation of a valid contract between two parties, who are not merchants, quid pro quo is an essential element. The presence of a quid pro quo acts as a surety which indicates the sincerity of both the parties in fulfilling the contract.