A false description does not vitiate
- In simple sense, the maxim means, some inaccurate description or some grammatical mistakes or basic miscalculation will not make the whole gadget or document as a void. - Normally, if a document contains 2 side from which if one side is absolute and correct and another side have some basic inaccuracy than 2nd side shall be rejected instead of considering whole document void also note on that the instrument does not involve any malaise effect. - Thus, if one segment is true and another is not and if the true part decides the subject matter with all possibility than the false segment will be disregard.
- Father A in his will distributes his land into two part, one on the name of his son and last on the name of his daughter. In which he had mentioned that the 10 acres land shall be distribute equally to his child i.e. 5:5 further he classified six acre to son and 4 acre to daughter .now from above points we can conclude that the land shall be distributed equally, the ratio of 6:4 is an basic erroneous mistake from which whole will cannot be declared as a void because the intention of the TESTATOR is very here.
- Pitmen Vs. Henley 
- Here, the plaintiff claim for the declaration of certain land.also agreed to buy land from the defendant .The vendor agreed to sell a field.The field was described as being 4.5 acres; in fact it was nine acres. The vendor later claimed that only 4.5 acres were conveyed. In finding that the whole field had been conveyed, the Court stated that the metes and bounds description which was accurate, governed, and the stated number of acres was rejected.
“With an intention of making a will.”
This is an essential to make a valid will as for whatever will one seeks to enforce, if there exists no Animus Testandi, there can be no will.
The legal maxim is of latin origin which means “the reason” or “motivation” behind the decision ruled out by the judge. It refers strictly to the facts of the case, things which cannot be debated. Unlike Obiter Dicta, these statements are actually binding on the case to its facts. All the principles relied on by the court are a part of ratio decidendi in order to prove the reasoning behind coming to the decision in the case. It comprises all the legal points made by the parties in the case.
Suppression of truth.
The legal maxim is of latin origin meaning suppression of truth is an offence. It means knowingly suppressing the truth, when it should have been disclosed in the first place, rightfully makes the contract invalid. Concealment of truth vitiates a contract. Parties are required to present everything with fairness to maintain a fair deal. Concealment of facts intentionally leads to false beliefs. Suppressio Veri is a ground to rescind an agreement or to avoid carrying it to execution.