"Of the same kind."
The rule is used to interpret where a law lists specific classes, and then refers it to general application which pertains to the same kind of persons or things.
If a law refers trucks, motorcycles, and other motor-powered vehicles, a court might use ejusdem generis to hold that such vehicles would not include airplanes.
1. Thakur Amar Singhji v. State of Rajasthan(1955)
2. Kavalappara Kottarathil Kochuni v. TheState Of Madras (1960)
Spoken before Lawsuit is brought
• Not merely before the commencement of legal proceedings, but before even the existence of any actual controversy, concerning the subject matter of the declarations. • Brought before suit, before controversy moved. • At the time when declarant had no motive to distort the truth. Brought before suit, before controversy instituted. Also, before the controversy arose.
place of crime
The “place of crime” is the location where injury, harm, crime, or tort is committed. In civil matters, it is the place where an alleged act of crime was done.
Against the morals or customs
This legal maxim is of latin origin meaning against morals, or customs, or good way of life. All contracts are considered illegal if they are contra bonos mores. These can be reduced to several classes: (1}Incentive to crime, which is a claim that cannot be sustained, therefore, on a bond for compounding a crime or for procuring a pardon. (2}Indecent consideration, or mischievous consideration, is an obligation or engagement which is either prejudicial to the feelings of a third party, or offensive to decency or morality, is void.