"Of the same kind."
The rule is used to interpret where a law lists specific classes, and then refers it to general application which pertains to the same kind of persons or things.
If a law refers trucks, motorcycles, and other motor-powered vehicles, a court might use ejusdem generis to hold that such vehicles would not include airplanes.
1. Thakur Amar Singhji v. State of Rajasthan(1955)
2. Kavalappara Kottarathil Kochuni v. TheState Of Madras (1960)
The act itself does not constitute guilt unless done with a guilty mind.
It is a Latin maxim, which means that for any act to be illegal in nature it must be done with a guilty mind. Hence, act done without any intention cannot be punished. Not only is the act of the accused important but also the intention of the accused to do the specific act is equally important to prove the guilt of the accused. Hence, it can be said that mere breach of law is not sufficient to constitute a crime.
Not by violence, stealth or entreaty
Nec, Vi, Nec Clam, Nec Precario is a Latin legal maxim which means that, “not by violence, stealth or entreaty”. In other words it means that, ‘not by force, nor stealth, nor the license of the owner’. It is often referred in the context of adverse possession and other land law issues.
Happy is who was able to know the cause of things
- Generally, it means if any person having a knowledge about particular field and if any complication arise in any familiar field, then he may not become much distress about such problem because he have knowledge of such things about how to handle the difficulties - Therefore a person who have the knowledge as well as know the cause then he is happy.