“A delegated authority cannot again be delegated.”
A person to whom some power is delegated cannot sub-delegate that power to someone else.
A has been authorized to execute a will upon the death of B. Now A cannot delegate this power to any other person. Doing so would render further delegation of an already delegated authority. Here A cannot sub-delegate his authority as the rule of Delegatus Non Potest Delegare applies.
1. A.K. Roy & Another v. State of Punjab & Others (1986)
2. Marathwada University v. Seshrao Balwant Rao Chavan (1989)
No injury is done to a willing person.
The legal maxim is of latin origin meaning those who voluntarily agree to danger cannot ask remedy for the same. In literal meaning the maxim means that when a person agrees to danger then he cannot file a complaint for any damages suffered by him during the process. Here, it is necessary the consent was taken freely and voluntarily by the person and was not obtained by illegal means, and that the person was aware of what he might be subjecting himself to.
A complete statement requires no interpreter
It is a Latin maxim, which means that an absolute judgment or sentence needs no expositor. In simpler words, plain language does not need an interpreter. The sentence that is plain and absolute does not need an expositor. The term expositor means a person or a thing, which explains about complicated theory or idea.
Nothing comes from Nothing
- This phrase literally means if someone is entering into one agreement and create agreement but such agreement is not valid only than how one can take the benefit or can make the use of such agreement as agreement is nothing and from nothing we cannot take anything. - Basically, if someone is building agreement by mentioning various provisions and clauses for future need so for such agreement the provisions and clauses must be enforceable , accurate and reliable than and then only one can gain benefit from such agreement - Therefore, one can’t make something out of nothing.