Less importance or Insignificant.
The legal maxim is of Latin origin and derived from the Latin word “de minimis” which means less importance or insignificant. The legal maxim denotes that “ law does not concern itself with trifles”. This legal principle states that judges will not sit in a case of minor offences of law, where the effect is very minor even though it is an illegal act. The principle is followed in the Section 95 of Indian Penal Code,1860. The section states that “Nothing is an offence by reason that it causes, or that it is intended to cause, or that it is known to be likely to cause, any harm, if that harm is so slight that no person of ordinary sense and temper would complain such harm”.
“A” and “B” were working in a firm. “A” took a dozen of pens from “B” without his consent. “B” became angry and sued “A” for theft. The court held that “A” is not liable by applying the rule “de minimis non curat lex” since it will not cause great harm or any big loss as it’s a frivolous matter.
1. Peria samiand Others V. State of Tamil Nadu (1996)
2. Oreintal Bank of Commerce V. Lata Rani (2011)
Law does not compel the doing of impossibilities.
This legal maxim is of the latin origin meaning the law does not compel you to do anything vain or impossible. It is a very old maxim that was discussed by Justice Owen in Hughey v. JMS Development, meaning laws do not compel a man to do something he cannot possibly perform. Here, the word “lex” literally means a system of law, “non” means does not, “cogit” means to compel, “ad” means to, and “impossibilia” means impossible.
Action is not given to one who is not injured
Actio Non Datur Non Damnificato is a Latin maxim, which states that an action is not given to one who is not injured. It means that a person who has not suffered any damage will not have a cause of action. It is only applicable to the cases where damage is necessary as a cause of action. It is a legal maxim, which governs the branch of law, which deals with the rights of subjects to maintain actions at law
Exception that proves the rule.
- It is also used to give grounds for something that seems to contradict a rule. - In other words, this maxim states an exception to the regular or general rule which is to be followed. Exception alone is not taken unto the consideration; it is always an assumption that there exists a general rule. - It means that if there is an exception that can be applied to a specific case, it proves that a general rule exists.