Less importance or Insignificant.
The legal maxim is of Latin origin and derived from the Latin word “de minimis” which means less importance or insignificant. The legal maxim denotes that “ law does not concern itself with trifles”. This legal principle states that judges will not sit in a case of minor offences of law, where the effect is very minor even though it is an illegal act. The principle is followed in the Section 95 of Indian Penal Code,1860. The section states that “Nothing is an offence by reason that it causes, or that it is intended to cause, or that it is known to be likely to cause, any harm, if that harm is so slight that no person of ordinary sense and temper would complain such harm”.
“A” and “B” were working in a firm. “A” took a dozen of pens from “B” without his consent. “B” became angry and sued “A” for theft. The court held that “A” is not liable by applying the rule “de minimis non curat lex” since it will not cause great harm or any big loss as it’s a frivolous matter.
1. Peria samiand Others V. State of Tamil Nadu (1996)
2. Oreintal Bank of Commerce V. Lata Rani (2011)
administrative action of judicial review.
It is an administrative law, which technically means administrative action of judicial review. In a way, in which the court determines who may be an applicant for judicial review. the applicant has a sufficient interest in the matter to which the application relates.
The meaning is ‘he who acts through another, acts himself”.
The meaning is ‘he who acts through another, acts himself”. It is the fundamental legal maxim of “Law of Agency”. It is the authorized act of an agent and is equated to the principal's actions. It often describes the liability of an employer for the act of employee in terms of vicarious liability.
A thing adjudged
The legal maxim is of latin origin meaning a matter or thing that has already been judicially decided on the basis of its merits and the same matter cannot be litigated between the two parties again. The maxim is of the belief that for one particular claim between litigants, one judicial contest is enough and reexamination of the same matter is not in the interest of the society. With the rapidly increasing pressure on the judiciary with rising judicial work, attending to a particular matter to one single contest is a reasonable restriction adopted.