“Minimum importance or trifling”
The literal meaning of “De minimis” is “minimum importance or trifling”. The abbreviated form of the maxim is “De Minimis Non Curat Lex”, which means “law cares not of small things”. In Lawsuits, the court applies de minimis rule to avoid trivial matters which are not worthy of judicial scrutiny. Some of common meanings are small, negligible, minor and insignificant etc.
“A” agreed to pay ten lakhs to “B” for some goods. “A” was repaying through installments. Finally, “A” repaid RS.9,99,900. “B” asked “A” for his balance Rs.100 but “A” had no money to pay. “B” sued “A” for his loss occurred. The court dismissed the case by applying the De Minimis rule since Rs.100 is not bigger amount when compared to ten lakh rupees.
1. Rupan Deol Bajaj and Others V. Kanwar Pal Singh Gill and Others (1995)
2. Muthu kumar and OthersV. State of Tamil Nadu (2010)
place of crime
The “place of crime” is the location where injury, harm, crime, or tort is committed. In civil matters, it is the place where an alleged act of crime was done.
Law does not compel the doing of impossibilities.
This legal maxim is of the latin origin meaning the law does not compel you to do anything vain or impossible. It is a very old maxim that was discussed by Justice Owen in Hughey v. JMS Development, meaning laws do not compel a man to do something he cannot possibly perform. Here, the word “lex” literally means a system of law, “non” means does not, “cogit” means to compel, “ad” means to, and “impossibilia” means impossible.
The act itself does not constitute guilt unless done with a guilty mind.
It is a Latin maxim, which means that for any act to be illegal in nature it must be done with a guilty mind. Hence, act done without any intention cannot be punished. Not only is the act of the accused important but also the intention of the accused to do the specific act is equally important to prove the guilt of the accused. Hence, it can be said that mere breach of law is not sufficient to constitute a crime.