“Of law”, “Legitimate”
The word “De Jure” is of Latin origin, it means “of law”, “legitimate”. It describes the total adherence of the law. It also means that having a right or existence as stated by law. De Jure is commonly paired with De Facto which means “in fact” and the term is superfluous. De Jure complies all requirements imposed by law.
A Government is formed in a country by legitimate, constitutional and lawful means. This Government is also recognized by other countries. Here, the Government formed is the De Jure Government and it can exercise full power over the country.
1. Gokaraju Rangaraju etc. V. State of Andhra Pradesh 1981 AIR 1473
2. Dalbir Singh & Ors V. State of Punjab 1979 AIR 1384
Loss or damage without any injury
Damnum Absque Injuria is a Latin maxim, which basically means loss or damage without any injury. It is a principle in Law of Torts, which mainly refers to a situation when a person suffers damage or loss, but does not suffer any kind of injury. In simpler words it means that although there was some physical damage, but there was no legal injury.
No injury is done to a willing person.
The legal maxim is of latin origin meaning those who voluntarily agree to danger cannot ask remedy for the same. In literal meaning the maxim means that when a person agrees to danger then he cannot file a complaint for any damages suffered by him during the process. Here, it is necessary the consent was taken freely and voluntarily by the person and was not obtained by illegal means, and that the person was aware of what he might be subjecting himself to.
An incidental remark or opinion by a judge that is not binding.
The legal maxim is of latin origin meaning “said in passing” or an “incidental statement”. The maxim roughly translates to “by the way” and it refers to a statement a person said in passing. While talking in legal terms this maxim refers to a persuasive statement only and it is an unnecessary passage in a judicial opinion. Such statements are not supported by the force of precedent but may be significant to the case.