“With an intention of making a will.”
This is an essential to make a valid will as for whatever will one seeks to enforce, if there exists no Animus Testandi, there can be no will.
A mentally retarded person can make no will because he has no intention.
1. Mt. Chunna Kunwar And Ors. V. Mt. Rasili Kunwar And Ors(1948)
2. Kishore Gidwaney v. The State(1985)
Ignorance of law is no excuse.
It is a Latin maxim, which means ignorance of fact can be excused but the ignorance of law cannot be excused. Every person should know the laws of the country where he lives. He cannot plead ignorance of it. Even the foreigner has to abide with the laws of the land as long as he happens to be in that country. This maxim is often used in Criminal Law.
“Minimum importance or trifling”
The literal meaning of “De minimis” is “minimum importance or trifling”. The abbreviated form of the maxim is “De Minimis Non Curat Lex”, which means “law cares not of small things”. In Lawsuits, the court applies de minimis rule to avoid trivial matters which are not worthy of judicial scrutiny. Some of common meanings are small, negligible, minor and insignificant etc.
Suppression of truth.
The legal maxim is of latin origin meaning suppression of truth is an offence. It means knowingly suppressing the truth, when it should have been disclosed in the first place, rightfully makes the contract invalid. Concealment of truth vitiates a contract. Parties are required to present everything with fairness to maintain a fair deal. Concealment of facts intentionally leads to false beliefs. Suppressio Veri is a ground to rescind an agreement or to avoid carrying it to execution.