The judges do not answer to a question of fact
These legal maxims means that, ‘The judges do not answer to a question of fact; the jury do not answer to a question of Law’. In simple words, the question of law is for the judge to decide whereas question of fact are for the jury to decide. Question of law are the questions that are decided by taking the help of law. Question of fact are the questions that are decided on the basis of evidence given by both the parties in proof or disproof of a fact.
If the sale deed is proved to be executed by one A, but it is unregistered as required under the Indian Registration Act 1908, then the judge will decide the question of law if the sale deed passes on a good title or not. Whereas the question whether the sale deed was executed by A is a question of fact, it will be decided by jury.
Suppression of truth.
The legal maxim is of latin origin meaning suppression of truth is an offence. It means knowingly suppressing the truth, when it should have been disclosed in the first place, rightfully makes the contract invalid. Concealment of truth vitiates a contract. Parties are required to present everything with fairness to maintain a fair deal. Concealment of facts intentionally leads to false beliefs. Suppressio Veri is a ground to rescind an agreement or to avoid carrying it to execution.
The literal meaning of the maxim is "Agreements must be kept".
The literal meaning of the maxim is "Agreements must be kept". It is the principle used in the International Law, which means "all the signatories should uphold international treaties". The rule is based upon the principle of "Good Faith". The Good faith indicates that a party cannot invoke the provisions of the domestic law as justification for a failure to perform. The only limit to the maxim is peremptory norms of general international law known as “jus cogens” which denotes the meaning “Compelling law”.
“In deed”, “In fact” or “Actually”.
The literal meaning of “De Facto” is “in deed”, “in fact” or “Actually”. The word “De Facto” is of Latin origin, actually referring to something which does exist in fact, whether it may be recognized by lawful authority or not.