Action is not given to one who is not injured
Actio Non Datur Non Damnificato is a Latin maxim, which states that an action is not given to one who is not injured. It means that a person who has not suffered any damage will not have a cause of action. It is only applicable to the cases where damage is necessary as a cause of action. It is a legal maxim, which governs the branch of law, which deals with the rights of subjects to maintain actions at law
An employee cannot sue his employer for wrongful dismissal when he is neither threatened nor stopped from work and was not denied his salary and/or his other entitlements anytime.
Not before a judge.
This legal maxim is of latin origin meaning a legal proceeding outside the authority of the judge, that is, without a judge, with no proper presence, or without any legal jurisdiction. Any order or sentence passed by a court or tribunal, which does not possess the authority to try an accused of that particular offence, shall be in violation of the law of the land, not enforceable, and it would be termed as Coram non judice.
A delegate cannot further delegate.
This Latin maxim means that a person to whom a power is delegated cannot further delegate that power. That person cannot sub-delegate that power to someone else. No sub-delegation can be done in a contract of principle-agent without the knowledge and consent of the principle. This principle is often used in administrative or constitutional law.
“In deed”, “In fact” or “Actually”.
The literal meaning of “De Facto” is “in deed”, “in fact” or “Actually”. The word “De Facto” is of Latin origin, actually referring to something which does exist in fact, whether it may be recognized by lawful authority or not.