Action is not given to one who is not injured
Actio Non Datur Non Damnificato is a Latin maxim, which states that an action is not given to one who is not injured. It means that a person who has not suffered any damage will not have a cause of action. It is only applicable to the cases where damage is necessary as a cause of action. It is a legal maxim, which governs the branch of law, which deals with the rights of subjects to maintain actions at law
An employee cannot sue his employer for wrongful dismissal when he is neither threatened nor stopped from work and was not denied his salary and/or his other entitlements anytime.
Something for something.
The legal maxim is of latin origin meaning “what for what” or “something for something”. It is the exchange of things of similar value. a valid and binding mutual consideration agreed upon by two parties in a contractual agreement commonly used as giving of one valuable thing for another. For the formation of a valid contract between two parties, who are not merchants, quid pro quo is an essential element. The presence of a quid pro quo acts as a surety which indicates the sincerity of both the parties in fulfilling the contract.
The judges do not answer to a question of fact
These legal maxims means that, ‘The judges do not answer to a question of fact; the jury do not answer to a question of Law’. In simple words, the question of law is for the judge to decide whereas question of fact are for the jury to decide. Question of law are the questions that are decided by taking the help of law. Question of fact are the questions that are decided on the basis of evidence given by both the parties in proof or disproof of a fact.
Less importance or Insignificant.
The legal maxim is of Latin origin and derived from the Latin word “de minimis” which means less importance or insignificant. The legal maxim denotes that “ law does not concern itself with trifles”. This legal principle states that judges will not sit in a case of minor offences of law, where the effect is very minor even though it is an illegal act. The principle is followed in the Section 95 of Indian Penal Code,1860. The section states that “Nothing is an offence by reason that it causes, or that it is intended to cause, or that it is known to be likely to cause, any harm, if that harm is so slight that no person of ordinary sense and temper would complain such harm”.