“Abundant caution does no harm.”
This principle is generally applied for instruments in which superfluous words have been inserted to express the intention more clearly.
A was murdered and his post-mortem was done. After getting the reports, in order to protect the body, the principle of Abundans Cautela Non Nocet was applied.
1. Gokaraju RangarajuEtc v. State Of Andhra Pradesh (1981)
2. Thol. Thirumavalavan v. State of Tamil Nadu (2013)
“An allegation contrary to a deed is not admissible.”
It means if a man has entered into a deed with certain concrete facts, he shall not be permitted to deny any matter which he has so verified.
The act itself does not constitute guilt unless done with a guilty mind.
It is a Latin maxim, which means that for any act to be illegal in nature it must be done with a guilty mind. Hence, act done without any intention cannot be punished. Not only is the act of the accused important but also the intention of the accused to do the specific act is equally important to prove the guilt of the accused. Hence, it can be said that mere breach of law is not sufficient to constitute a crime.