“It is the duty of a good judge to enlarge his jurisdiction.”
A good judge is one who enlarges his remedial authority. It is the duty of a judge to extend his jurisdiction.
This maxim suggests that a judge has the power to amplify and further develop his jurisdiction and it is his duty as a judicial authority to provide remedial justice to the parties, by means of expanding scope if required.
As interpreted by Lord Abinger in Russel V. Smyth, 9 M. & W.,818 “the maxim of the English law is to, amplify its remedies, and without usurping jurisdiction, apply its rules to the advancement of substantial justice.
BRIJ MOHAN LAL V. UOI (2012) 6 SCC 502
“The court is duty bound to amplify and extendthe arm of justice in accordance with the principle of Boni judicis estampliare jurisdictionem.”
“An allegation contrary to a deed is not admissible.”
It means if a man has entered into a deed with certain concrete facts, he shall not be permitted to deny any matter which he has so verified.
Less importance or Insignificant.
The legal maxim is of Latin origin and derived from the Latin word “de minimis” which means less importance or insignificant. The legal maxim denotes that “ law does not concern itself with trifles”. This legal principle states that judges will not sit in a case of minor offences of law, where the effect is very minor even though it is an illegal act. The principle is followed in the Section 95 of Indian Penal Code,1860. The section states that “Nothing is an offence by reason that it causes, or that it is intended to cause, or that it is known to be likely to cause, any harm, if that harm is so slight that no person of ordinary sense and temper would complain such harm”.
Not before a judge.
This legal maxim is of latin origin meaning a legal proceeding outside the authority of the judge, that is, without a judge, with no proper presence, or without any legal jurisdiction. Any order or sentence passed by a court or tribunal, which does not possess the authority to try an accused of that particular offence, shall be in violation of the law of the land, not enforceable, and it would be termed as Coram non judice.