The word denotes a wrongful act or a civil wrong. The commission of this act could either be incidental or due to negligence because of which injury occurs to another. The injury need not necessarily be a physical one but a legal one as well where the legal right(s)of a person are violated.
A, who is a Member of the Parliament was abruptly stopped by a police officer from proceeding towards premises of the Assembly in order to cast his vote. Here, A’s legal right to vote has been infringed.
Ashby v. White (1703) 92 ER126
BALTIMORE AND OHIO R.R. V.GOODMAN, 275 U.S. 66 (1927)
Gloucester Grammar School Case (1410) Y B 11 Hen IV 27
The debarment is the state where you can exclude from enjoying all those privileges, rights, the position of the practices and those acts which perform prevention by the legal means.
The legal requirement that the state must respect all legal rights that are owed to a person.