The word denotes a wrongful act or a civil wrong. The commission of this act could either be incidental or due to negligence because of which injury occurs to another. The injury need not necessarily be a physical one but a legal one as well where the legal right(s)of a person are violated.
A, who is a Member of the Parliament was abruptly stopped by a police officer from proceeding towards premises of the Assembly in order to cast his vote. Here, A’s legal right to vote has been infringed.
Ashby v. White (1703) 92 ER126
BALTIMORE AND OHIO R.R. V.GOODMAN, 275 U.S. 66 (1927)
Gloucester Grammar School Case (1410) Y B 11 Hen IV 27
Reasonable doubt is a legal standard of proof necessary for validating a criminal conviction. Principle of reasonable doubt has higher leverage than the balance of probabilities.
It is an instrument issued by a court for the re-examination of associate degree action of an inferior court.