The Anglo-French expression denotes a legal check which restricts a person from alleging or contradicting the assertions implied by him. The expression empowers the courts to preclude a person from going back on his words/promises. Promissory estoppel, Estoppel by Deed, Estoppel by Record, Estoppel by Conduct, Constructive Estoppel constitute the multitude of Estoppel in the legal arena.
A, who is a creditor informs B, the debtor that he has forgiven the debt and that he is free. This grant of freeing from debt was not documented officially but orally delivered. Here, A is estopped from altering his decision later and is bound to the grant of freeing B from the debt.
1. Pickard v. Sears, 1837 6 Ad & El 469, 474
2. Hughes v. Metropolitan Railway Co. (1877) UKHL 1
3. Leslie Ltd. v. Sheill, (1914) 3 KB 607 (616) CA
4. Motilal Padampat Sugar Mills vs. State of U.P 1979 AIR621
5. Govindiji Javat & Co v. Shree Saraswat Mills AIR1982 Bom 76
6. B. L Shreedhar v. K.N Munireddy AIR 2003 SC 578
Bequeath generally means ‘ pass the amount or property mentioned in will to the beneficiary’.
An event that breaks the string of legal motive and may result in the defendant not being criticised for the consequences of their action.