Confiscation is the acquisition of private property by the government without giving any compensation. It happens legally when the government seizes property obtained or employed in illegal practices, such as boats used to smuggle illegal drugs. The confiscation may also be referred to as forfeiture. 

Confiscation in simpler terms is an arrest of property.


“A” was running a timber depot. But secretly, in every vehicle of the agency some sandal woods were smuggled. “Z” was running a shop near the depot and he came to know about the sandalwood through some worker. Immediately, “Z” informed the police. The police checked every vehicle of the agency and found some sandal woods in it. They immediately confiscated both vehicles and sandal woods for illegal smuggling.


*Shewpujanrai Indrasanrai Ltd. V. The Collector of Customs & Others 1958 AIR 845.

*Department of Customs V. Sharad Gandhi Proprietor (2019)