Section 2(b) of the Indian Succession Act defines a codicil as:
‘Codicil’ means an instrument made in relation to a Will, and explaining, altering or adding to its disposition, and shall be deemed to form part of the Will”.
A codicil must be executed similar to Will, being written and attested by two witnesses. Further, as a codicil is a part of the Will, reference must be made to the Will in interpreting the provisions of the Will and vice-versa. Like a Will, a codicil can be altered, added to and further explained by another codicil by proper execution and attestation by witnesses. In most cases, it is easier to create a new Will rather than add a codicil to an existing Will. Creating a new Will by adding clauses like “I revoke all former testamentary dispositions” is more advisable than creating a codicil, which could result in confusion.
In case a codicil is created as an addendum to an existing Will, it should be stored along with the Will with proper attestation. It is recommended that any codicil be reviewed by a professional to avoid any discrepancies or conflicts with the Will.
Breach is a very popular known term used in law. Breach means breaking or violating.
Abscond can be referred to in those situations in which things are made or done to conceal or hide something or someone.