Civil Court is a court which handles all the legal disputes which are not. In the U.S all such matters are handled by attorneys, judges and the law firms that focus on the area of non-criminal law such as a patent case or divorce litigation. In civil cases, there is no prosecution by the government. It has the plaintiff, which can be a business, person, and government body, institution, which brings a claim of harm against the defendant, who is another group or person. There are many types of a civil court which include medical malpractice, traffic court, tort, personal injury, family court, bankruptcy, adoption, business issues and many others. A civil case begins when the plaintiff states that the defendant has caused some harm. For the civil Court procedure, the plaintiff has to file an official complaint with the civil Court, which describes the incident and asks the Court for the remedy. After that, a formal notice is given to the defendant for the same. The defendant has the chance to respond to that complaint explaining the incident from his / her perspective through a formal answer. Cases move through the process of pre-trial. In most of the cases, it does not go for trial and is solved earlier. Information is gathered in the free trial process called discovery.
In this process, the witness is interviewed, the evidence is collected, and statements are taken. Civil cases go to the arbiter, the mediator. An Arbitrator or mediator is a court officer, magistrate or judge. When the case goes for trial, the process is the same as of the criminal trial; both plaintiffs make statements, and the defendant and both explain the case from their perspective. Firstly the plaintiff side witness is being called and our cross-examined, when all have been called, the prosecution rest and give defence the opportunity to call their witnesses and to present evidence. Both sides rest their case; then closing statements are given. Judges, with the help of the jury, rendered the verdict, and both the parties had to obey the decision of the Court.
Acquisition of private property by the government without giving any compensation