Adoption is a legal process that establishes a relationship between a parent and a child that is recognized by the law. After an adoption takes place, the parent is legally and morally responsible for the child .After an adoption is final, the child becomes a member of the new family, and the biological parents lose all former parental rights and responsibilities.
The different thinkers have given their own definition of adoption.
According to. Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics-
“Adoption indicates the transfer of a child from old kinsmen to the new. The child ceases to be a member of the family to which he belonged by birth. The child loses all rights and is deprived of all duties with regard to his natural parents and kinsmen. In the new family, the child is like the natural born child with all the rights and liabilities of a native born member.
A "step-parent adoption", where the new partner of a parent legally adopts a child from the parent's previous relationship. Intra-family adoption can also occur through surrender, as a result of parental death, or when the child cannot otherwise be cared for and a family member agrees to take over.
The definition and use of cheques are covered by The Bills of Exchange Act 1882, and the Cheques Acts of 1957 and 1992.
The meaning of transferred intent or transferred malice “ if you want to kill someone and by any Miss happening you will kill someone else without having any intention or knowledge to kill that person then also he is liable.