In legal parlance, “Legal citation” is understood to be a reference to a particular legal source. It encodes information such as volume, reported designation, year of the case and other information pertaining to the parties.
In legal parlance, “Legal citation” is understood to be a reference to a particular legal source. It encodes information such as volume, reported designation, year of the case and other information pertaining to the parties. It is essential to follow a particular standard while writing a citation to easier to search for cases. For all those who are pursuing law as a professional career, comprehending how to read a case law citation is an imperative skill.This article will therefore help to understand the ways to read a case law citation.
Reading a Case Citation
Cases are published in reporters’. A case citation is generally made up of the following parts:
Below is an example of a case citation:
In the example above, “Kesavananda Bharati” is the Plaintiff/ Petitioner whereas,“State of Kerala” is the Defendant/ Respondent. “v.” refers to versus. “AIR” refers to All India Reporter which is a Law Journal/Reports. The case was published with its verdict in year “1973” by the Supreme Court (“SC”) of India. This case can be found on the beginning of journal page number “1461”.
Here, the Petitioner is “S.R. Bommai” versus the Respondent “Union of India”. The case after its verdict was announced was published in the “1994” in the Volume “2” of Law Journal/ Reports of “SCR” Supreme Court Records, beginning on page number “644”.
Similarly, this particular case law was also published by the Law Journal/ Reports of “All India Reporter” in the year “1994”, decision which was made by the “SC” Supreme Court of India, beginning on page number “1918”. Likewise, reported in the year “1994”, Volume “3” of Supreme Court Cases (“SCC”).
This is known as Equivalent or Parallel Citations which means sometimes there can be more than one citation for a particular case.
High Courts of India uses “AIR” which means All India Reporter, to publish most of its nationwide judgements. An AIR High Court judgement looks like the example above stated in point 3.
In this Case citation, the case after its judgement was published in AIR on 1982. “Cal” refers to Calcutta or now Kolkata, which means the High Court of Calcutta announced the verdict of the case and is printed on page number “222.”
There is no provision as such for cancellation of marriage registration, marriage once registered cannot be cancelled but be broken by the decree of divorce.
As the years rolled, the trends have also changed. I can see women empowerment and I can also see birth to a new concept of Paternity benefits.