Alimony is a legal obligation to provide financial support that is required by the spouse after the divorce. The supporting spouse pays it to the dependent spouse who doesn't have adequate means to take care of the basic needs of life.
Alimony is a legal obligation to provide financial support that is required by the spouse after the divorce. The supporting spouse pays it to the dependent spouse who doesn't have adequate means to take care of the basic needs of life. Although, according to the law alimony can be granted to either of the spouses, usually the husband is required to provide alimony to his wife after their divorce. Alimony is often awarded in a long term marriage that is more than ten years to an ex-wife.
The court provides permanent alimony to the wife or the husband whoever has a lower income and needs financial support for sustenance under article 25 of the Hindu Marriage Act. Even if the wife involved in a divorce case is a working woman, she would still get the alimony if her earning is less than that of her husband's to help her maintain the same standards of living as her husband. If the wife is not working then, the court takes into consideration her ability to earn before deciding on the amount of alimony. In case the husband is disabled and unable to earn then the court awards alimony to the husband. Duration and amount to be paid as alimony is established after taking into consideration a few factors:
After the court decides who will be awarded the alimony in a divorce case, the next step is to calculate the amount of alimony that has to be paid by one spouse to the other. The factors based on which the amount of alimony is calculated are:
The spouse with less income or no income can get an alimony amount, which is 20% or 30% of the total monthly income of the other. Usually, the alimony amount should not exceed 25% of the husband's income. If the alimony is being paid to the wife every month, the court provides for 25% of the husband's salary as the benchmark amount. There is no such benchmark set for a one-time settlement; it usually ranges from 1/3 to 1/5 of the husband's salary. Husbands can claim alimony in case they provide proof of the fact that they don't earn anything, and they are financially dependent on the wife then, after considering the earning's of the wife, the court can ask the wife to pay maintenance. In the future, if the person who was getting alimony out of divorce becomes wealthier than before then, the flow of alimony can be reversed. It will again depend on the case's facts and circumstances. If the wife was receiving alimony, then the husband will have to make a miscellaneous appeal to show the same to the court. The court will decide on the merit of the case and, evidence produced by the husband for incapability of maintaining her wife and claims that alimony should be awarded to him then, the court will look into the parameters of the case for awarding alimony to the husband.
Alimony is awarded after the separation of the spouses. The spouse who is less likely to be able to provide for themselves without any financial aid gets alimony. Under section 25 of the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 permanent alimony is provided by the court to the wife or even to the husband.
The Indian penal code, 1860 (IPC) is a substantive criminal law which defines different offences as crime and provides its punishment; the procedural or adjectival law is contained in the Criminal Procedure Code, 1973 (CrPC).