I desperately want to see a place without discrimination. Discrimination happens to begin on the basis of different names, and various other aspects that ought to be strongly condemned.
I desperately want to see a place without discrimination.Discrimination happens to begin on the basis of different names, and various other aspects that ought to be strongly condemned.
One of the most common basis for discrimination would be Gender‘and’ sex Discrimination. Yes, I told ‘and’ because, like others we tend to interchange the words but the real meaning of the words are different. Sex is biological or anatomical identity to say a person as male or female. On the other hand, Gender is a societal construction with maleness or femaleness; it’s basically not much of biological explanation.
Initially, even I was in opinion that, women are not given equal opportunity in every field of work. But when we analyze on the point “field of work”, there is certain field of work where women cannot be touched upon,Manual scavenger, deep sea fishing, a priest in a church, etc. we can’t push women into such jobs as there is some biological differences, where men are physically strong and are capable to do it.
We have supreme legislation the Indian constitution emphasizing on equal treatment and no prohibition of women or discrimination against women in all areas, including education, vocational training, skill development and employment. And for the same, women's are also granted certain percentage of reservation.
Gender and Labour laws:
One of the major concerns is that, women lag behind men. This can be illustrated by taking into account firstly, work participation is more by men as they are the bread winners of the family. Secondly, quality of employment, women cannot express their full efficiency in all employment because there is a need for certain arrangements for their hygiene.
Industrial law is one such law which is bestowed with women oriented jobs depending upon their physical, mental and biological attributes.The main objectives of these acts are to increase their efficiency, increase their participation towards employment, and support them being independent.
Few of the certain laws:
i. The Factories Act, 1948: it is a welfare legislation laid down to adopt safety measures to the employees with respect to health, safety, working hours and leave. This legislation has special provision dealing with women granting them slightly different rules in regard to working hours, no work in hazardous occupation, cannot work in cotton pressing factories, fixation of maximum permissible load, crèche facility, etc.
ii. Employee State Insurance Act, 1948: these are critical legislation in India. Where workers get sickness benefit,disablement benefit, medical benefit and funeral expenses. Women get special benefits in the name of Maternity, in the case when the woman is pregnant, orif there is confinement, or miscarriage.
iii. Workmen compensation act, 1923: if there is any temporary or partial disablement caused to the employee due to some accident during the course of the employment. Then the Act would prevail and the concerned workman can claim compensation for the same.
iv.The Minimum wages Act. 1948: this act was to secure the minimum wages to the employee, that wages should be in such a way that their bare minimum needs is been met with such wages. This Act wants to prevent the Exploitation of workers and aims at fixing minimum wages which an employer has to provide.
v. National Rural Employee Guarantee act, 2005: this is for manual unskilled labour, and wages for the same will be granted for 100 days. In this act,priority is given to women in work allocation. The intention of the act is to develop a positive impact on gender equity.
Out of the above mentioned Acts, we have special Acts namely:
a.The Equal Remuneration Act;
b. The Maternity Benefits Act;
c. The Protection of women from Sexual Harassment Act
And also Constitution Grants power to enact any other special laws for women according to Art.15 (3), as this was to counteract the suffering their maternal ancestor’s have gone through centuries back.
The Supreme Court of India is the highest judicial body under India's constitution. It is the highest constitutional court, which has authority over judicial review as well as has the power to review its judgments under Article 137.
A breach of a contract occurs when a party thereto, renounces his liability to perform his part of the contract either totally or partially. The failure to perform may take place when the time for performance has arrived or even before that. The law expects parties to a contract to perform their respective obligations and naturally frowns upon a contract’s breach. A breach is of two types:
It is worth noting that security entitles the holder to ownership of a portion of the publicly-traded company as it is listed on the stock exchange platforms, issuers can look for security listing in the stock exchange to draw investors by ensuring a regulated and liquid market in which to conduct trade.