The Central Human Rights Commission (NHRC) is a statutory body established under the Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993 on 12th October 1993, and every year, 12th October is observed as the Foundation Day.
NHRC was established to spread awareness amongst the people about basic human rights. It provides basic human rights to every citizen of the country.
The Headquarters of NHRC is located in New Delhi with its Chairman Mr Justice H.L. Dattu, and with the permission of the Central Government can establish offices in other places in India.
The Commission consists of eight members (four full-time and four deemed) and a Chairperson who has been a former Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of India. The other members of the Commission shall be a sitting or retired Judge of the Supreme Court, a serving or retired Chief Justice of the High Court, two eminent people having knowledge and practical experience in the area of human rights, and the Chairpersons of the National Commission for Minorities, the Scheduled Castes, and Scheduled Tribes and Women.
The Commission took cognizance of various cases. Some of them are listed below:
The Central/National Human Right Commission has till date, disposed of more than 17 lakh cases, victims of human rights violation were paid a total of more than Rs 1 billion, 750 spot inquiries were carried out by the Commission for the violation of human rights, and over 200 conferences were held to spread the awareness of human rights across the country.
The official website of the Central/National Human Rights Commission is https://nhrc.nic.in/.
Bail is a kind of Security which is given by the accused to the court that he will attend the proceedings against the accusations made upon him and include personal bond and bail bond.
The object of the discipline enforced by the Court in case of contempt of court is not to vindicate the dignity of the Court or the person of the Judge, but to prevent undue interference with the administration of justice.