Since ancient times in Hindu culture, definitions are found in the name of Shiva, Pasupati, Rudra, Ishaan, etc. Undoubtedly, the Vedas are the only original and wellbeing book of Hindu religion; when and where it was created, it is a matter of search. But it can be said that at least 5000 years ago, it was an incomplete existence. Shiva is the instrument of discussion in Veda Mantras, but that discussion is on shapeless god. Somewhere nature's body is also addressed by various names of Shiva, part of Vedic treatises of the Swaithashwar influx, the 'Sweth' sage has discussed it based on the Vedic Mantras in the spiritual form of Shiva.
Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva and is one of the twelve Jyotirlingams, shrines which are said to be the most sacred abodes of Lord Shiva. It is located in the ancient city of Ujjain in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India. The temple is situated on the side of the holy river K Shipra. The presiding deity, Lord Shiva in the lingam form is believed to be Swayambhu, deriving currents of power (Shakti) from within itself as against the other images and lingams that are ritually established and invested with mantra-shakti.
The SC appointed an Expert Committee consisting of experts of the Archaeological Survey of India and Geological Survey of India. This was concerning the prevention of erosion of Shivalinga in Sri Mahakaleshwar Temple at Ujjain. Subsequently, the expert committee visited the temple and found that 'Jyotirlingam' of Lord Mahakal at temple town Ujjain is gradually getting eroded. More than 30 sq. cm scalp of the holy 'lingam' has come out with nearly 7-8 mm thickness from the eastern side along with 3-4 similar circular patches, having 2-2.5 cm diameter and 6.5 mm depth, just above the bigger patch. The entire holy 'lingam' is having a geological scale on the western side. Two vertical carvings have raised concern that the 'lingam' will have enough chances of splitting into three pieces in future.
The offerings from devotees in the form of Milk, Curd, Ghee, Panchamrut and other offerings in the form of Gulal, Abeer And Kumkum bought from the stores outside the temple were substandard and had a proportional significance in the cause and factors of the depletion.
Dr. Ram S Shrivastava, a known scientist closely observing the holy lingam since 1953 said one of the reasons for erosion could be pouring of chlorinated water nearly 25,000 litres a day besides about 80 'pundits' from 16 Brahmin families massaging the lingam on rotation basis using Bhat Shringar, Bhang Shirngar etc. Milk' and other offerings could be accounted for in tonnes. Almost every visitor touched the holy shrine and often rubbed and pressed it during prayers." Which have been a cause of depletion,
The Bench comprising Justice Arun Mishra, B.R Gavai and Krishna Murari, heard the present case. To ensure that the lingam is not eroded further, the Apex Court has directed that:
Additionally, the Supreme Court has issued the following directions:
Justice Arun Mishra’s conservatism largely influenced his rulings concerning religion. In Sarika v. Administrator, Shri Mahakaleshwar Mandir Committee, Ujjain (M.P.) & Others, he held that the government must maintain the deteriorating 'lingam' at the Mahakaleshwar temple in Ujjain. Importantly, Justice Mishra, in this judgment, did not refer to Chief Justice Dipak Misra’s earlier judgment on the restoration of religious places which were destroyed in the 2002 Gujarat riots in which he ruled that the state had no right to spend public funds on their restoration. The Bench comprising Justices Arun Mishra, B.R.Gavai and Krishna Murari had issued fresh directions to preserve the lingam and for its upkeep. The Bench has also directed the Centre to contribute Rs.41.30 lakh for the purpose as early as possible. The CourtCourt is likely to monitor the case further and has sought detailed project reports for repair and maintenance works at the temple. For preservation and maintenance of Chandranageshwar temple, the Bench has directed the submission of a comprehensive plan and its implementation. The Bench expressed its concerns that of late, "unfortunately the performance of necessary rituals is the most neglected aspect in the temples, and new Poojaris do not understand them; the same should not be the state of affairs. There is no scope for commercialization. The various religious rituals and ceremonies are to be performed regularly." This is perhaps the first time that the CourtCourt has found it appropriate to micro-manage the functions and daily rituals of a Hindu temple.
Ultrahazardous activities also are called "abnormally dangerous" activities. It's classified as a strict liability civil wrong, which means that the person playing the activity may be control liable.
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