In 1950, Gopal Singh Visharad filed a title with the Allahabad High Court seeking an injunction to perform the puja (worship) at the disputed site. The case was filed shortly after by Paramhansa Das of Ayodhya. In 1959, Nirmohi Akhara, a Hindu religious institution, filed a third title suit, directing him to hand over the charge of the disputed site, claiming to be its patron. A fourth lawsuit was filed by the Uttar Pradesh Sunni Central Waqf Board for the declaration and occupation of the site. The Allahabad High Court bench began hearing the case in 2002, which was completed in 2010. On 30 September 2010, the Allahabad High Court, a three-member bench of justices SU Khan, Sudhir Aggarwal and DV Sharma, said the Supreme Court of India rejected the petition to postpone the High Court's decision that the disputed land be divided into three parts. Should be done. The location of the statue of Ram Lala would go to a party representing Ram Lalla Virajaman (established infant Ram deity), Nirmohi Akhara was to get Sita Rasoy and Ram Chabutara and the Uttar Pradesh Sunni Central Waqf Board to get the rest. The court also ruled that the status quo be maintained for three months. The three parties appealed to the Supreme Court against the division of the disputed land.
The final decision in the Ayodhya case was announced by the Supreme Court of India on 9 November 2019. The Supreme Court of India ordered the disputed land to be given to the trust for a temple to Ram Janmabhoomi (reputed as the sanctuary of the Hindu deity, Rama). The court also ordered the administration of Uttar Pradesh to give an optional 5 acres of land to the Sunni Central Waqf Board to construct a mosque as the replacement of Babri Masjid.
The Babri Masjid was demolished during a political rally, which turned into a riot on 6 December 1992. A land title case was later filed in the Allahabad High Court, whose verdict was pronounced on 30 September 2010. "In the judgment, the three judges Allahabad High Court ruled that Ayodhya's 2.77 acres (1.12 hectares) of land would be divided into three parts, with 1/3 parts Ram Lalla or Shishu Ram represented by the Hindu Mahasabha, 1⁄3 Uttar Pradesh Sunni Central Waqf Board, and the remaining 1⁄3 NirmohiAkhara are going on. The decision confirmed that the disputed land was Rama's birthplace according to the faith and belief of Hindus and that the Babri Masjid was built after the demolition of a Hindu temple, noting that it was not built according to the principles of Islam."
The five-judge bench of the Supreme Court unanimously delivered its verdict on 9 November 2019. The decision can be summarized as follows: -
On 12 December 2019, the Supreme Court dismissed all 18 petitions for review of the judgment.
The current issue on the Maratha Reservation started as a state ordinance promulgated by the Maharashtra government on 9th July, 2014 granting 16% reservation in educational institutions and public employment services.
Tribunals are established when the Central Government thinks that any dispute exists or can arise between seamen or any class of seamen, or any union of seamen and the owners of the ship in which such seamen are employed.